Travel with inflammatory bowel disease can be daunting.

Well, IBD Passport is a non-profit, IBD specific travel resource with the primary objective of developing patient-centered information to support living with inflammatory bowel disease and increase education and pre-travel preparation by giving evidence-based information on all aspects of travel and IBD.

What is Inflammatory Bowel Disease? 

Have you heard about Crohn’s and Ulcerative Colitis disease? Well, some of us encountered such terms but really didn’t have any idea what exactly they are. A large number of people don’t even have a clue what kind of diseases these are.

Both Crohn’s and Ulcerative Colitis disease are chronic bowel conditions identified by an inflamed colon or gastrointestinal tract. And both of these diseases are usually referred to as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Crohn’s disease more typically affects the large intestine or colon, while Ulcerative Colitis affects the lining or gastrointestinal tracts.

These chronic, life-long conditions can be healed but not cured. IBD can significantly affect a patient’s quality of life and may have a high financial strain.

What Are The Main Causes Of  Inflammatory Bowel Disease? 

No one knows the specific causes of IBD. Scientists have not yet pinpointed the culprit here, although they suspect that genetics and the immune system may play a vital role. Generally, the immune system attacks and kills foreign invaders, for example, microorganisms, viruses, bacteria, and fungi. However, in people with IBD, the immune system mounts an improper response to the intestinal tracts, occurring in inflammation. winword

This unusual immune system response happens in people who have inherited genes that make them sensitive to IBD.

Symptoms And Signs Of IBD

The signs and symptoms of IBD have varied among different IBD patients. As with other chronic disorders, a person with IBD will typically go through stages in which the disease flares up and creates signs, followed by periods in which symptoms lessen or disappear and good health returns. Signs range from delicate to harsh and usually depend upon what part of the intestinal tract is involved: They include:

  • Fever
  • Abdominal cramps and pain
  • Iron deficiency anemia due to blood loss
  • Weight loss
  • Diarrhea that may bloody
  • Loss of appetite
  • Severe urgency to have a bowel movement

How Inflammatory Bowel Disease Can Be Diagnosed? 

Done by a general practitioner or a gastrointestinal specialist, this disease has generally been diagnosed based in large part on the symptoms and specific laboratory tests. Another necessary system for proper diagnosis is colonoscopy or endoscopy or sigmoidoscopy, where a specialized camera passes through the gastrointestinal tract so the doctor can examine it.

Your doctor will also ask some questions about your family’s medical history and your bowel movement. A physical exam may them followed by more than one diagnose tests:

  • Barium Barium enema
  • Stool sample and blood test
  • Plain film or X-ray

How Is Inflammatory Bowel Disease Treated? 

There are various treatments for IBD.

  • Medication 

Anti-inflammatory

Anti-inflammatory drugs are the most initial steps to treat IBD. These drugs decrease the inflammation of the digestive tract. But they may also have many side-effects.

These drugs used for IBD include standard-dose mesalamine, sulfasalazine, and it’s by-products. Which medicine you take depends on the area of your colon that’s affected.

Antibiotics

Antibiotics may be used in addition to other medications or when the infection is a concern — in cases of perianal Crohn’s disease, for instance. Commonly suggested medicines include metronidazole (Flagyl) and ciprofloxacin (Cipro).

  • Lifestyle Choice

Lifestyle choices are great when you have IBD.

Taking a large number of fluids helps to compensate for those lost in your stool. Try to avoid dairy products and stressful conditions also improve symptoms.

Exercising and quitting smoking can also help you to get recovered from IBD.

  • Surgery 

It can sometimes be necessary for people who suffer from IBD. A few IBD surgeries involve:

  • Elimination of the complete colon and rectum, for severe cases of ulcerative colitis
  • Strictureplasty to widen a narrowed bowel
  • Closure or removal of fistulas

How You Can Prevent From Inflammatory Bowel Disease?

The hereditary cause of IBD can’t be stopped. However, you can overcome the risk of developing IBD or prevent relapse by:

  • Doing exercise daily
  • Taking a healthy meal
  • Quitting smoke

Inflammatory Bowel Disease can create many discomforts, but there are ways you can handle the disorder and still live an active as well as a healthy lifestyle.

Well, having IBD is not something to be taken lightly. Inflammatory bowel disease has affected the lives of a large number of people who experience in ways big and small. For a few people, it has substantially reduced their quality of life. One of the best things we can do is to learn from it and try to get their condition, especially when it is your kids who are affected by it.If you’d like to know more about IBD, maybe a visit to IBD Passport would be a good next move.